Maize is an example of cereal plants. Cereal is a term used to describe a group of plants in the grass family while a grain is the seed or the fruit produced by cereals. Maize is rich in starch. They are one of the most important crop plants worldwide and form the stable diet of a large percentage of the population.
Maize requires an average temperature of 14-30 °C and thus grow well at high temperatures. It needs regular supply of water (about 75-150 cm rainfalls) throughout the year.
Maize becomes mature for harvesting at 105-120 days after sowing depending on the variety sown. It is harvested fresh or in the dry state. It is harvested by hand or with a cutlass. On large scale farms, combine harvesters or corn picking machines are used.
Dehusking is the removal of the husks after harvesting. The grains are removed from the cobs and it is known shelling. Dehusking and shelling are done by hand or machines.
Maize is dried and treated against pests such as weevils, armyworms, grain borers and rodents. It is locally treated by mixing with ash, orange peels, onion peels and insecticides and traps for rodents.
After maize are dried and treated against pest attacks, they are stored in bags, barns or silos. It is even stored by hanging them above the kitchen hearths.
Watch our video about maize harvesting!
Dasabligo Primary School Students